Where Does Coffee Grow?

Where Does Coffee Grow?

Between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, the world’s largest coffee-growing regions are located. Coffee growing has spread from Africa, where it began, to the East and West, forming the Bean Belt.

While Brazil dominates the industry in terms of volume (almost 3 million metric tons), coffee-growing countries span the globe’s subtropical and equatorial regions. In truth, coffee farming was restored in Vietnam in the mid-1980s, and the country is currently the world’s second largest coffee exporter.

Coffee Growing Regions in the Americas

Mexico is the world’s ninth largest exporter in North America. Production is mostly focused in the country’s south-central to southern areas, with particular success in the coastal region of Soconusco, Chiapas, near the Guatemalan border.

Coffee-growing countries in Central and South America, such as Guatemala and Colombia, offer rocky scenery and rich volcanic soil that are ideal for growing. Colombian coffee is the world’s third largest supplier, trailing only Vietnam in terms of quality and flavor.

However, for the past 150 years, Brazil has been the world’s top coffee grower. Its plantations are largely in the southeastern states and encompass around 10,000 square kilometers.

Without Peru, Honduras, and Costa Rica, the map would be incomplete. Costa Rica has a reputation for producing some of the greatest coffee in Central America, despite the fact that its production is just 4% of that of Brazil. The bulk of coffee is grown on tiny farms known as fincas.

Ethiopia is said to be the birthplace of the coffee plant. After his goats dined on red berries, Kaldi observed a surge of vigor in his herd. He tried some and immediately realized he had discovered a great source of energy.

Ethiopia is the continent’s first coffee-growing country (and first consumer as well). The Coffee and Tea Authority, which is committed to avoid market concentration, monitors the production, which reaches up to 860 million pounds and is still primarily grown and dried by hand.

Ethiopia’s neighbor, Kenya, was introduced to coffee-growing by the French Holy Ghost Fathers around the turn of the nineteenth century. While Kenyan coffee production is kept under wraps, with only 51,000 tons produced each year, it is a prominent player in the industry and highly sought-after globally.

Which nations have the greatest growing regions?

Ethiopia

Over 15 million people work in Ethiopia during the harvest, which lasts from October to December. Despite being the world’s fifth largest exporter, Ethiopians drink more coffee than they export. This demonstrates the importance of coffee in their lives.

Brazil

Brazil is the world’s largest producer. There are roughly 300,000 coffee farms in the nation, with sizes ranging from one to 25,000 hectares. Brazilians drink half of the country’s total coffee crop.

Guatemala

Approximately 270,000 hectares of land in Guatemala are used for coffee cultivation. These are mostly modest farmers that cultivate coffee on one to two hectares of land. Guatemala’s microclimate varies from area to area, resulting in a wide range tastes.

Honduras is harvested from November through April. This is mostly due to the three greatest coffee areas. Agalta is in the northwest of the country, Copán is in the northwest, Montecillos is in the southwest, and Copán is in the northwest.The balanced, fruity-chocolate flavor is typical of Honduran.

India

Due to the long-lasting monsoon rains, warm breezes, and weeks of transportation, Indian coffee evolved a particularly distinct, spicy flavor in the past. Today, producers have considerably better circumstances, and the unique flavor of the coffee derives from the monsooned process. The half-processed coffee beans are held here for a bit longer than required amid the monsoon rains.

Indonesia

Even though Indonesia is referred to as a single growing zone, each region has its own distinct characteristics. In Sumatra, coffee is made with the Giling Basah method, which is unique to the area and involves peeling the coffee cherries while they are still wet.

Colombia

Almost exclusively, Arabica is cultivated in Colombia. Colombian coffee is unique in that it is picked twice a year. The first harvest season runs from March to June, followed by the second from September to December. Colombian coffee is mostly grown by small farmers.

Mexico

Arabica is the most common coffee cultivar in Mexico. The crop begins in the lower areas in November and concludes in the upper regions in March. Low yields, insufficient infrastructure, and a lack of financial and technical support continue to stymie Mexican producers. Nonetheless, the country ranks ninth in coffee exports.

Peru

Approximately 90% of Peruvian coffee is grown on 120,000 small farms of two hectares or less. The majority farmed is Arabica, which is picked between May and September. The majority of coffee is cultivated in the country’s north.

Vietnam

Vietnam has a government-restricted coffee production area of roughly 630,000 hectares. Cultivation is regulated since the country has been accused of price dumping on several occasions. Robusta is mostly farmed here, and it is exported and processed into instant goods.

Conclusion

Coffee grows on trees planted in different places worldwide and mostly in places where the climate is favorable to the plant. Since the discovery, it has served humanity as a refreshing drink and revenue source for nations. This article explores facts about where and how coffee is planted, grown, and harvested.